An Exploratory Study on Eclectic Method in Higher Education Through ICT Tools in India

Priyanka Ravi

Assistant Professor, Department of English, SDNB Vaishnav College for Women, Chrompet, Chennai-600044

Dr. P. Karmenivannan

Assistant Professor (Tourism), Institute of Hotel Management, SRM Institute of Science & Technology, Kattankulathur Campus, Chengalpattu District, Tamil Nadu-603203

Keywords: Eclectic, flip teaching, learning by doing, LSRW, Information and Communication Tool


As we have done away with the chalk-and-talk method and shifted to virtual classes though by force not by choice, we need to think of new ways of engaging students in the changed mode of instruction. As such this paper focuses on exploring eclectic methods or eclecticism through a conceptual approach backed up by previous research as one of the best approaches in education. A few combined methods which were found helpful such as lecture cum discussions, demonstrations and question & answer sessions, sharing information & debates, peer instructions & flip teaching, learning by doing & task-based activities, LSRW activities & follow-up assignments, are being dealt with in detail here. It is a multidisciplinary approach that caters to various instructional methods and each of the clubbed methods mentioned can be implemented separately as well.


Akerman, N. (2011). Debating the evidence: an international review of the current situation and perceptions, The English-Speaking Union & CfBT Education Trust.

Alharbi, S. H. (2017). Principled Eclecticism: Approach and Application in Teaching Writing to ESL/EFL Students. English Language Teaching, 10, 33-39.

Ansari, J. A. N., & Khan, N. A. (2020). Exploring the role of social media in collaborative learning: The new domain of learning. Smart Learning Environments, 7(1), 9.

Cinganotto, L. (2019). Debate as a Teaching Strategy for Language Learning. Lingue Linguaggi, 30, 107–125.

Eggen, P., & Kauchak, D. (2007). Educational Psychology: Windows on Classrooms (7th ed.). Pearson Upper Saddle River.

Flipped Learning Global Initiative FLGI. (2018). The five qualities of world-class flipped learning practitioners. Retrieved from

Kumar. (2013). The Eclectic Method- Theory and Its Application to the Learning of English. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(6), 1-4.

Lazarus, A. A., &Beutler, L. E. (1993). On technical eclecticism. Journal of Counseling & Development, 71(4), 381–385. 10.1002/j.1556-6676.1993.tb02652.x

Mwanza, D. (2019). The Eclectic Method to Language Teaching: Clarifications and Conceptual Extensions. 1, 1-24.

Prabhu, N. S. (1987). Second Language Pedagogy. Oxford University Press.

Rido, A., Kuswoyo, H., & Nuansa, S. (2020). Questioning Strategies in English Literature Lectures in an Indonesian University. Lingua Cultura, 14, 241-253.

Rosenshine, B. (1987). Explicit teaching. In D. Berliner & B. Rosenshine (Eds.), Talks to Teachers. New York: Random House.

Sahin, M., & Fell-Kurban, K. (2016). The Flipped Approach to Higher Education: Designing Universities for Today’s Knowledge Economies and Societies. Emerald Publishing.

Schell, J., & Mazur, E. (2015). “Flipped the chemistry classroom with Peer Instruction.” In Chemistry Education: Best Practices, Opportunities, and Trends, 1. Eds. J. García Martínex and E. Serrano-Torregrosa. Wiley VCH, 319–334.

Scager, K., Boonstra, J., Peeters, T., Vulperhorst, J., &Wiegant, F. (2016). Collaborative Learning in Higher Education: Evoking Positive Interdependence. CBE Life Sciences Education, 15(4), ar69.

Skehan, P. (1996). A framework for the implementation of task-based instruction. Applied Linguistics, 17, 38–63.

Smith, Z. (2008). That crafty feeling. In Changing My Mind: Occasional Essays (pp. 99-109).

Smith, Z. (2010). Rule for Writers. The Guardian.

Tofade, T., et al. (2013). Best practice strategies for effective use of questions as a teaching tool. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 77(7), 155.

Untailawan, F. (2020). Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension and Critical Thinking Skills through the Implementation of QAR Strategy at SMA PGRI Dobo. Soshum: Jurnal Sosial Dan Humaniora, 10(1), 93-103.